India has the largest area and production of oilseeds in the world.
Oilseed Crops are grown primarily for the oil contained in the seeds. The oil content of small grains (e.g., wheat) is only 1-2%; that of oilseeds ranges from about 20% for soybeans to over 40% for sunflowers and rapeseed (canola). The major world sources of edible seed oils are soybeans, sunflowers, rapeseed, cotton and peanuts. Seed oils from flax (linseed) and castor beans are used for industrial purposes. Edible fats and oils are similar in molecular structure; however, fats are solid at room temperature, while oils are liquid.
Oilseeds constitute a very important group of commercial crops in India. The oil extracted from oilseeds form an important item