CARDAMOM

Large cardamom is the dried fruit of a perennial herbaceous plant. It’s quality characteristics are different from that of small cardamom. The fruit is 4 to 6 times size of small cardamom. Valued for its acceptable taste, flavour and aroma, large cardamom is used in rice preparations and meat dishes, besides a wide range of beverages and sweets. The largest producer and exporter of large cardamom, India enjoys near monopoly in this spice. The main production centres are the sub-Himalayan ranges spread across Sikkim and Darjeeling district of West Bengal. The popular varieties are ‘Ramsey’, Golsey’, and ‘Sawany’. Pakistan, Afghanistan, Singapore and UK are the major importers of large cardamom.
Scientific Name: 
Elettaria cardamomum Maton
Family Name: 
Zingiberaceae
Commercial part: 
Fruit (Capsule)
Name in international languages:


Spanish Italian
French Portuguese
German Russian
Swedish Japanese
Arabic Chinese
Dutch Hindi Shalari, Ajmud

Botany:
Cardamom is a perennial bushy herb. The tuberous underground rhizome is its real stem and the aerial shoot is a pseudostem and formed by the encircling leaf sheaths. The leaves are distichous, long, alternate and lanceolate acuminate in shape. Flowers are borne on panicles and they emerge directly from the underground stem on long floral stalks. They are hermaphrodite and zygomorphic. The corolla is tubular, 3-lobed, pale green, androecium with petalloid labellum white in colour with pink or purplish veins, composed of three modified stamens with an undulated edge. There are two further rudimentary staminodes and one functional stamen. The fruit are tri-locular, ovoid or oblong, greenish-brown capsules containing about 15-20 seeds attached to axile placenta. Light reddish or dark reddish brown seeds are irregularily 3-sided, transversely wrinkled or furrowed and are covered by a membraneous aril.
Medicinal and Other use:
The cardamom oil is a precious ingredient in food preparations, perfumery, health foods, medicine and beverages. A good portion is consumed for chewing or as a masticatory item. In medicine, it is used as powerful aromatic, stimulant, carminative, stomachic and diuretic, but rarely used alone. It also checks nausea and vomiting, helps in combating digestive ailments. Herbal lores on this spice suggest it can be used to freshen your breath and support smooth digestion.
Packaging Details:

  • 25 Kg, 40 Kg & 50 Kg New Jute / Gunny Bags with or without inner bag / poly lined.
  • 25 Kg & 50 Kg Poly Propylene (PP) Bags
  • Or as per customers specification / requirement.

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